Tikvah Approach

Applied behavior analysis (ABA) guides our intervention. Click here for more information on ABA. Our ABA-based programs are delivered in the home, community, and/or school-setting. Individualized goals and objectives are derived from ongoing observation and assessments. Each program (i.e. Treatment Plan) is designed according to the needs of the individual, and uses a combination of research-based strategies that effectively address skill acquisition and reduction of concerning behaviors based on principles of learning, behavior, and motivation. The methods and goals are assessed regularly for efficacy and modified accordingly. Our commitment is to employ strategies that are supported by research, effective for the learner, and appropriate to the skill or behavioral goal. Samples of these instructional strategies or methods include:

Behavior Intervention Plan/Behavior Support Plan (BIP/BSP)

a detailed plan which includes a description of a behavior of concern or problem behavior and empirically-supported proactive and/or reactive strategies to address the behavior (e.g. functional communication training, non-contingent reinforcement, differential reinforcement of incompatible behaviors)

Discrete Trial Training (DTT)

is an instructional approach used to teach atarget skill in a highly specified and structured manner, using repeated trials, or instructional opportunities. Known or mastered skills are gradually introduced into subsequent trials.

Intensive Teaching Trials (ITT)

presents a target skill in a highly specified and structured manner facilitating a high number of training trials. ITT incorporates errorless teaching, mixing and varying, pairing, variable ratio schedules of immediate reinforcement, short delays in-between trials, and the use of Skinner’s analysis of verbal behavior to guide instruction and goal selection.

Incidental Teaching (IT)

teaching a target skill by capturing a teaching-trial in a naturally unplanned opportunity.

Natural Environment Training (NET)

presents a target skill in the natural environment and in a manner most resembling the natural context in which the skill would be utilized. Typically this is done in play and uses contextually-appropriate reinforcers whenever possible. NET focuses on the learner’s immediate interests and activities.

Parent-Implemented Instruction

Peer-Mediated Instruction and Intervention

Pivotal Response Training (PRT)

presents learning trials within a naturalistic procedure that includes a learner’s choice, task variation, interspersing known and unknown tasks, reinforcing attempts (i.e. shaping), and the use of contextually-appropriate reinforcers. Targets selected are based on pivotal areas in an early learner’s development (e.g. motivation, responsively to multiple cues, and social initiations).

Precision Teaching/Fluency-based Instruction (PT/FBI)

focuses on teaching a skill so that ultimately the individual performs a skill correctly and fluently (at a high rate).